How Do You Get Hiv – By learning the basics about HIV, you can stay healthy and prevent HIV transmission. You can also download content to share or watch videos about basic HIV information.
To learn more about the history of HIV in the United States and the response to the epidemic, see the HIV and AIDS timeline.
How Do You Get Hiv
The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your HIV status can help you make healthy decisions about how to prevent getting or being infected.
How Long Does It Take To Show Symptoms Of Hiv?
When people with HIV do not receive treatment, they usually go through three stages. But HIV treatment can slow or prevent the progression of the disease. With advances in HIV treatment, progression to stage 3 (AIDS) is less common today than in the early years of HIV.
Timeline of HIV and AIDS This timeline looks at the history of HIV and the role it played in tackling the epidemic.
Material source: Department of HIV Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Why Hiv Spreads Less Easily In Heterosexual Couples
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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks a person’s immune system and affects its ability to fight disease and infection. Therefore, HIV can be life-threatening without treatment. The early signs and symptoms of HIV vary from person to person and can easily be mistaken for other diseases. Regular HIV testing helps minimize the long-term health consequences that HIV can have.
Myths Around Aids That Everyone Should Know
If left untreated, HIV usually goes through four stages. With access to treatment, most people with HIV will stay healthy and never experience late stages. This depends on how early HIV was diagnosed and how well the person responds to treatment, along with other lifestyle factors.
The first stage of infection lasts only a few weeks, during which a person may suffer from flu-like symptoms such as fever, stomach discomfort, sore throat or muscle aches. About a fifth of people would suffer enough to see a doctor, but HIV is rarely diagnosed based on this condition alone.
At this point, the immune system begins to respond to the virus by producing anti-HIV antibodies and cytotoxic lymphocytes – a process known as seroconversion. A third-generation HIV test taken before this process is completed may be negative or inconclusive.
Other than swollen glands, a person is mostly asymptomatic at this stage and often begins to feel better. On average, this asymptomatic stage lasts about ten years, but can last up to 15 years. Antibodies against HIV can now be found in the blood and therefore an HIV test will give a positive result.
Comprehensive Hiv/aids Information
HIV is active in the lymph nodes at this point, infecting new cells and making copies of itself. A viral load test measures the small amount of HIV that gets out of the lymph nodes. This information is very important in HIV treatment.
Over the years, HIV has seriously damaged the immune system. Lymph nodes and tissues are damaged or destroyed. The body cannot continue to replace lost helper T cells as the HIV infection becomes stronger and more diverse.
Symptoms develop with immune system failure and may include weight loss, chronic diarrhea, night sweats, and fever. Symptoms worsen as the immune system begins to slow down. This is when infections called “opportunistic infections” and cancer can occur.
When the immune system is increasingly damaged and the disease increases in frequency and severity, AIDS is diagnosed. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a potentially life-threatening condition. The body’s ability to fight infections and diseases is significantly weakened due to damage to the immune system.
Hiv And Aids
Whether you test for HIV alone or as part of screening along with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is entirely up to you. Testing for several sexually transmitted diseases provides a more complete picture of your current sexual health.
Offers different HIV tests that can be taken at different times, depending on how long ago you were last worried.
You may choose to be tested for HIV as part of screening along with other STDs. Our screens test for multiple infections and are designed to give you complete peace of mind about your sexual health.
If you are looking for an HIV test it can help. We can arrange a confidential appointment at one of our clinics across the country, or you can test at home with one of our home test kits. Our trained team of sex counselors are available by phone 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, or you can send a message via our live web chat. Talk to us in confidence. You can only get HIV if certain body fluids from someone who has HIV enter your body. A person with HIV can spread the virus to others whether they have symptoms or not.
Here’s What You Need To Know About Hiv Drug Resistance
There are many myths about how HIV is transmitted from one person to another (HIV transmission), but there are only a few ways to get it. The good news is that there are things you can do to protect yourself and others.
HIV is a virus that can be transmitted from one person to another through specific bodily fluids:
You can only get HIV if one of these fluids from someone with the virus enters your body.
HIV cannot be spread through everyday contact with someone who has HIV – such as kissing, hugging, sharing food or coughing and sneezing.
Research Priorities For An Hiv Cure: International Aids Society Global Scientific Strategy 2021
Yes, some types of sex carry a higher risk of HIV than others. The best way to protect yourself is to use a condom every time you have anal, vaginal or oral sex.
Yes. Like most diseases, HIV does not distinguish between types of people and the infection can be transmitted to anyone in one of the ways mentioned above. It is a common misconception that HIV only affects certain groups.
Taking antiretroviral drugs when you have HIV reduces the amount of HIV in your body. The less virus you have in your body, the less it will be in your semen, vaginal or rectal mucus. This means that there is less chance of HIV transmission during sex.
When you take the treatment correctly and it works well, there may be a place where the amount of virus in your body is so low that normal tests don’t detect it. This is called an “undetectable viral load”. Because the amount of the virus in your body is so low that you can no longer transmit it through sex.
What Is Hiv And How It Progresses To Aids?
HIV is most contagious in the first to four weeks after infection. In the early stages of infection, the level of HIV in your blood is high, making it more likely that you will transmit the virus to others. At this point, many people are unaware of their condition, so it’s a good idea to always use a condom or PrEP to keep you and your partner safe.
No, HIV is not always transmitted from someone with HIV. There are many reasons why this is so. For example, if an HIV-positive person is on effective treatment, the amount of HIV in their body will decrease. If the doctor confirms that the virus has reached an undetectable level, it means that there is no risk of infection.
If you take PrEP correctly, you will also be protected against HIV infection if infected fluid enters your body.
If you are concerned that you have been exposed to HIV, you may be given post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to prevent the virus from becoming an infection. However, it is not available everywhere and must be taken within 72 hours of potential exposure to be effective.
Hiv/aids: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, And Much More
HIV.gov “How is HIV transmitted?” (accessed February 2022) NHS Choices ‘HIV and AIDS – the causes’ (accessed February 2022) Centers for Disease
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