Testing Products On Animals Pros And Cons – Animal testing, defined here as the use of animals in research to promote human concerns such as the efficacy of drugs and the safety of products such as cosmetics, is an endeavor fraught with controversy and complex ethical arguments. Animal testing has clear and undeniable benefits for humanity. for example, developing drugs to fight deadly diseases. At the same time, some types of testing subject animals to cruel and inhumane procedures, which, in the eyes of animal testing opponents, negates any benefits of animal testing to humans.
The landscape of modern medicine would undoubtedly be very different without animal experiments. For example, research on dogs with their pancreas removed led to the discovery of insulin in the early 20th century; this has saved and improved the lives of millions of diabetics worldwide. The polio vaccine, which was only developed for humans after testing on animals, has helped make this dreaded disease almost ineffective. Advances in breast cancer, brain trauma, leukemia, cystic fibrosis, malaria, multiple sclerosis, and tuberculosis are directly related to animal testing, and without chimpanzee testing, there would be no hepatitis B vaccine.
Testing Products On Animals Pros And Cons
Any discussion of the pros and cons of animal experimentation must recognize that some types of animal research involve subjecting creatures to what can properly be described as torture. According to Humane Society International, animals are regularly force-fed, forced to inhale harmful compounds, deprived of food and water, physically restrained for long periods of time and burned; Some of them even had their necks broken and beheaded. In 2010, the US Department of Agriculture reported that nearly 100,000 animals suffered pain during experiments when they were not under anesthesia. It is also a common practice to keep the eyes of animals open with clamps for several hours, even days, during the testing of cosmetic products.
Are There Any Benefits To Animal Testing? Get The Facts
With the advent of modern molecular biology and its analytical methods, scientists can now accurately measure how similar humans are to other animals, from a genetic point of view. Chimpanzees and humans share 99 percent of their DNA, and even mice and humans have a 98 percent overlap in this area. All mammals share the same essential internal organs and all fall prey to the same common diseases such as heart disease and various cancers. For these reasons, scientists can confidently apply the results of many animal medical experiments to humans and are even more confident when it comes time to directly experiment with humans in clinical trials.
One of the leading arguments against animal testing is that it is simply a waste of scientific energy and resources, as the results of tests conducted on other species often cannot be reliably transferred to humans. For example, in a study conducted by David Wiebers and his colleagues at the Mayo Clinic to identify drugs to treat ischemic stroke, the researchers found that 25 compounds that reduced the damage caused by similar events in cats, rodents and other animals, had no benefits. had no effects. anything between men. And according to cell biologist Robin Lovell-Badge of the MRC National Institute for Medical Research in London, 94 percent of drugs tested on animals have failed in humans. Unfortunately, the world of animal testing is full of such examples.
As technology advances, the need for animal testing is becoming less and less. For example, human genes cloned into microorganisms can produce more specific toxicological results than simply administering toxins to animals. While much scientific research cannot be done without animals, commercial safety testing, for example by cosmetic companies, is increasingly being done without the use of animals. Meanwhile, improving the welfare of laboratory animals, such as providing rats with an “enriched environment” rather than keeping them isolated in traditional laboratory cages, could go a long way in alleviating the suffering of animals used in research.
Michael Crystal graduated from Case Western Reserve University with a bachelor’s degree in biology, where he was a varsity long-distance runner and is a certified USA Track and Field Coach. The former editor of his running club’s newsletter has been featured in Trail Runner Magazine and Men’s Health. He is studying medicine. Current event project. Animal testing. What is animal testing? Procedures performed on live animals Objectives: Basic biological research and.
Animal Testing Pros And Cons Free Essay Example
“Current event project. Animal testing. What is animal testing? Procedures performed on living animals Objectives. Basic biological research and.
2 What is animal testing? Procedures performed on living animals Objectives. Agrochemicals All procedures (even if classified as mild, may cause animal distress and suffering) At the end of each experiment, most animals are discarded (only a few are ‘recycled’/reused in subsequent experiments.
3 What types of animals are used? Mice Fish Rats Rabbits Guinea pigs Hamsters Pets Birds Cats Dogs Mini pigs Non-human primates 1 million non-human primates 1 million monkeys 1 million animals. of laboratory experiments every year
4 advantages and disadvantages of animal testing It has contributed to many life-saving treatments and cures There is no viable alternative to testing on a living whole body system Genetically similar to humans Animals themselves benefit from the results of animal testing Disadvantages Animal testing is cruel and inhumane There are now alternative testing methods that can replace the need for animals Animals are very different from humans and therefore make poor test subjects Medicines that pass animal tests are not necessarily safe.
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6 Egoism No human action is done for any other reason than the agent We are all selfish, self-serving Psychological. they cannot do otherwise (Descriptive) Ethical. People should take care of themselves (normative)
7 Objectivism Ayn Rand Ethical egoist The virtue of selfishness Advocates the concept of self-interest Argues that people have a right to care for themselves Seek their own happiness Individual people should feel free to behave in their own way. relevance that will improve their lives Actions that will have greater intrinsic value in the long run
8 Rand and animal testing. should i do this? Can animal experiments benefit me in any way? Medical advances. treatment and cure Answer: YES!!
9 Utilitarianism The most common and widespread form of consequentialism A moral guideline is a rule that encourages people to make life bearable for as many people as possible Universalists claim; When choosing a course of action, always choose the one that will maximize happiness and minimize unhappiness for the greatest number of people. Pleasure is good. The pain is bad
Major Pros & Cons Of Animal Testing
10 Jeremy Bentham Hedonistic Utilitarianism (seeking pleasure) The good is that which is pleasurable. what is painful is bad Ultimate values are happiness and pleasure Advanced theory of time. it is not the moral universe that can speak or conclude about who can suffer
11 Bentham and experiments on animals. should i do this? Does the pleasure outweigh the pain? Every year, millions of animals are tested in laboratories Every year, millions of people and animals benefit from animal experiments An.
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Extensive Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 2022
In order to decide whether animal experiments are beneficial or not, it is best to first understand their positive aspects, such as:
The most common subject of medical examination are animals. This includes new drugs and potential cures for many
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