How To Raise Blood Glucose Levels – For people with diabetes, managing your blood glucose goes beyond just making sure it’s not too high. It can also be dangerous if your blood sugar gets too low.
Low blood sugar is known as hypoglycemia. This happens when your blood glucose level drops below normal. Normal means below normal 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or less.
How To Raise Blood Glucose Levels
Low blood sugar can occur if you take diabetes medications that increase insulin levels in your body. If you don’t treat it right away, hypoglycemia can lead to a variety of serious symptoms. This includes mental confusion, seizures, brain damage, coma, and even death in rare cases.
How Hypoglycemia Is Treated
If you are taking insulin to treat your diabetes, it is essential to have an action plan for managing a potential hypoglycemic episode.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia usually appear quickly. Learning to recognize the symptoms is the first step to getting treatment. The sooner you recognize and treat hypoglycemia, the better.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from person to person. Usually, however, the symptoms of a mild episode are one or more of the following:
You should always keep high-carbohydrate snacks nearby just in case. The fastest way to combat a hypoglycemic episode is to eat or drink about 15 grams of carbohydrates right away.
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Keep in mind that you may not have symptoms of hypoglycemia. Sometimes your symptoms won’t be so obvious. For this reason, you should check your blood sugar levels often to make sure they don’t get too low.
Ask your doctor how often you should check your blood sugar with a blood glucose meter. If you’ve had hypoglycemia in the past, but haven’t noticed any symptoms, you may need to be more vigilant to check your glucose on a regular basis. Always check your blood glucose level before driving or operating machinery.
If you have regular episodes of hypoglycemia, ask your doctor about using a continuous glucose monitor (CGM). This device tests glucose levels at routine times during the day, such as while you sleep. A CGM will sound an alarm if your glucose level drops too low.
Hypoglycemia in people with diabetes usually occurs when you do not match your diabetes medication with your physical activity and food intake.
Things That Can Cause Your Blood Sugar Levels To Spike Or Drop
If your blood sugar level drops below 70 mg/dL, eat or drink 15 grams of carbohydrates as soon as possible.
If you can’t control your blood sugar, but you feel symptoms of a hypoglycemic episode, treat it as hypoglycemia and consume a fast-acting sugar source.
After the 15 minutes are up, check your glucose again. If your levels are still below 70 mg/dL, have another 15 grams of carbohydrates.
If your next meal is more than an hour away, have a snack that includes a carbohydrate and protein to keep your glucose levels in the target range. Examples are an apple or a banana with peanut butter or some crackers and cheese.
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If your symptoms get worse, it’s important to seek emergency help. You will need a glucagon shot to quickly raise your blood glucose levels.
You can only get a glucagon kit with a prescription from your doctor. If you are likely to have severe hypoglycemia, it is important to do this in advance.
Tell your friends, family, and coworkers to call 911 or your local emergency number immediately if you don’t have a glucagon kit nearby. Hypoglycemia can quickly progress to seizures or convulsions and unconsciousness if not treated.
Ignoring the symptoms of hypoglycemia can be dangerous. Work with your doctor to develop a hypoglycemia action plan so you can treat it before it gets serious.
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It’s important to learn to recognize the symptoms of low blood sugar and keep high-carbohydrate snacks on hand at all times. Also, be sure to check your glucose regularly and inform your friends and family about what to do during a hypoglycemic episode.
It’s important to act quickly, so don’t hesitate to call 911 or local emergency services if you need help. Many foods, even healthy foods, can raise blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. But you don’t have to cut them out completely. Learn how to approach these foods for better blood sugar control.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you know the importance of counting carbohydrates to control blood sugar. But it’s not just the amount of carbohydrates in a particular food that determines how that food affects your blood sugar levels.
“Although all carbohydrate-rich foods are converted to sugar in our bodies, dietary fiber, protein and fat content all influence the impact of that food on blood sugar levels. All of these factors play a role in determining a food’s glycemic index, a ranking that shows how much it raises blood sugar levels compared to straight glucose, which has a GI of 100. Low GI foods score 55 or lower, while everything 70 and above is considered a high GI food, according to the Mayo Clinic.
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“While GI gives an idea of how a food affects the body, it’s not the whole story, which is where glycemic load (GL) comes in,” says Sara Thomas, PhD, RDN, a research scientist and dietitian who specializes in in diabetes. of the health care company Abbott. “GL is an equation that considers the portion size of a food, such as the GI. The GL of a food is equal to its GI value divided by 100 and multiplied by the total grams of carbohydrates,” a definition supported by researchers at the University. in Sydney, who pioneered research in GL.
Fortunately, if you have type 2 diabetes, you don’t need to whip out a calculator or start searching the Internet for the glycemic load of every food out there.
Simply understanding the concept of glycemic load is incredibly helpful when approaching foods that tend to raise blood sugar levels. “Glycemic load shows that all foods can really fit into a diet if you keep an eye on moderation and portion size,” says Dr. Thomas. Plus, as he explains, most foods aren’t eaten in isolation, so even if you have a high GL food on hand, eating it alongside foods high in healthy fats, fiber, and lean protein can reduce any possible bleeding balance cycle.
Here, experts share the top six foods that tend to raise blood sugar levels—and how to moderate your approach for more stable blood sugar levels.
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White grainy foods, such as white bread, pasta and rice, are all examples of refined carbohydrate sources, meaning much of the fiber has been removed during processing, according to the American Heart Association. “Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that has many benefits,” says Thomas. “It’s not digested by the body, so it affects gut health and can slow down digestion, which can help blood sugar levels.” It also helps you feel fuller for longer, reducing the chance of overeating, which can affect blood sugar.
When possible, opt for whole grains, such as whole-grain bread, whole-wheat pasta and brown rice, which are rich in blood sugar-regulating fiber. Quinoa, amaranth, buckwheat, and hulled barley are also great whole grain options, she said. (The popular pearl barley is a refined grain, not a whole grain.)
However, you can still include small amounts of white grains in your diet with the right approach. Try combining them with lean meats, healthy fats, and other relatively low-carb sources of fiber, such as non-starchy vegetables, to make foods with white carbohydrates that are better for your blood sugar, Sheth says. For example, 1/3 cup of cooked white pasta counts as one serving, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). Serving it next to a chicken breast and broccoli sauteed in olive oil makes a balanced meal that will keep blood sugar levels steady, the ADA advises.
Replacing refined, simple sugars with more complex sources is an important step in managing type 2 diabetes. Complex carbohydrates lead to better blood sugar management compared to refined grains, according to the American Heart Association.
How To Treat And Bring Down High Blood Sugar Levels
“It’s really hard to control blood sugar when you’re drinking sugary drinks,” says Rasa Kazlauskaite, MD, professor of endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. He explains that next to high amounts of sugar, drinks like soda, sweet iced tea, and even fruit juice have practically no protein, fat or fiber. Plus, these drinks don’t really help with satiety, he says. and most people would rather get some fullness than anything that will raise their blood sugar.
While the best course of action is to avoid sugary caloric drinks altogether, a small portion of these drinks can be useful to raise blood sugar quickly when people are struggling with acute hypoglycemia, pointed out. Kazlauskaite op. Start with ½ cup and see how your blood sugar changes before you have more.
If you don’t have low blood sugar and just want something sweet, you can scratch the itch with a sugar-free seltzer. However, your main drink of choice should be water. If you have trouble keeping water down without the taste, try adding pieces of fresh fruit to your water
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